Discs are pads that rest in between vertebrae. Their purpose is to minimize impact on the spinal column when movement takes place. The discs also create space between your vertebrae to allow the nerves of your spine ample room to exit the spinal column without irritation. Inside each disc is a softer, more jelly like component. Several things can occur to make the discs and ligaments surrounding them hurt, swell, or rupture.
Causes of Disc Injuries
The most common reasons for disc injury can be something as simple as normal wear and tear or something serious, such as in an auto accident. A bulging disc is when the outer portion of the disc swells and weakens due to old age. A herniated disc is generally the result of an injury. The disc ruptures causing the soft inside of the disc to leak out and press on surrounding nerves and ligaments. Herniated discs are a common cause of acute low back pain.
Possible Disc Injury Symptoms
- Shooting pain down the leg and buttocks
- Pain when standing
- Numbness or tingling in the leg
- Localized spinal pain
- Severe pain down both legs
- Incontinence or bowel troubles
Treatment of Herniated Discs
Treatment really depends on the severity of your pain and how affected your movement is. The best first approach would be to rest and avoid further injury. From there, chiropractic adjustments are utilized to establish proper motion of the spine to ease the irritation of the nerves and muscles allowing the disc to heal. It is important to realize disc injuries may take time to heal and each case may be treated differently. It is very important to get the proper care to not only get out of pain now, but to not re-injure yourself again in the future.